Growing up Vietnamese in Finland
Looking back 12 years later
How are young Vietnamese adults, who have grown up in Finland, faring now? Have they learned Finnish? Have they forgotten Vietnamese? How Finnish have they become – or have they? What kind of values do they adhere to now after spending 10 – 20 years in a new country with an egalitarian ethos, compared to the role hierarchy and respect for elders prevailing in their country of origin? What changes have occurred in this new context? Events and situations in childhood and adolescence can have long-reaching effects into adulthood. What factors in their childhood and adolescence predicted well-being and sociocultural adaptation in adulthood for these young Vietnamese? Do childhood factors determine adult outcomes – or do current factors and context weigh more? Is Finland a welcoming society? How does perceived discrimination impact on well-being and sociocultural adaptation? This longitudinal quantitative study of 59 young Vietnamese adults who grew up in Finland in the 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s tries to answer these questions concerning the acculturation process, its outcomes, and the age-specificity of relationships. The study looks at perceived discrimination, language, values, and identity and how they are related to psychological well-being (lack of depression and self-esteem) and to school achievement / educational attainment in 1992 and in 2004 and what the long-range relationships are.