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Trust and Collectives

Tuomela Maj

"Trust and Collectives" is a compilation of articles: (I) "On Rational Trust" (in Meggle, G (ed.) Social Facts & Collective Intentionality, Dr Hänsel-Hohenhausen AG (currently Ontos), 367-382, 2002), (II) "Simulating Rational Social Normative Trust, Predictive Trust, and Predictive Reliance Between Agents" (M. Tuomela and S .Hoffman, Ethics and Information Technoloty 5: 163-176m 2003), (III) "A collective’s Rational Trust in a Collective’s action" (Protosociology, Understanding the Social II: Philosophy of Sociality 18-19:87-126, 2003) and (IV) "Cooperation and Trust in Group Context" (R. Tuomela and M. Tuomela, Mind and Society 4/1: 49-84, 2005). The articles are tied together by an introduction that dwells deeply on the topic of trust. The central aim of this work is to construct a well-argued conceptual and theoretical account of rational trust, viz. a person’s subjectively rational trust in another person vis-à-vis his performance of an action, seen from a first-person point of view. The main method is conceptual and theoretical analysis under4stood along the lines of reflective equilibrium. The account of rational social normative trust (RSNTR), which is argued and defended against other views, is the result of the quest. The introduction stands on its own legs as an argued presentation of an analysis of the concept of rational trust and an analysis of trust itself (RSNTR). It is claimed that (RSNTR) is "genuine" trust and embedded in a relationship of mutual respect for the rights of the other party. This relationship is the growing site for trust, a causal and conceptual ground, but it is not taken as a reason for trusting (viz. predictive "trust"). Relevant themes such as risk, decision, rationality, control, and cooperation are discussed and the topics of the articles are briefly presented. (I) presents a somewhat general version of (RSNTR) and some basic arguments. (II) offers an application of (RSNTR) for a computer simulation of trust. (III) applies (RSNTR) to Raimo Tuomela’s "we-mode" collectives (i.e. The Philosophy of Social Practices, Cambridge University Press 2002). (IV) analyzes cooperation and trust in the context of acting as a member of a collective. Thus (IV) elaborates on the topic of collective agency in (III) and puts the trust account (RSTNR) to work in a framework of cooperation.

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  • Julkaisija Sosiaalipsykologia (Helsingin yliopisto)
    Julkaisuvuosi 2006
    Sivumäärä 84
    Kieli Englanti
    Sarjat
    Ulkoasu A5,pehmeäkantinen
    ISBN 952103209X
    ISSN 0357-4040